Lin Fa Wang of Singapore’s Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, also known as the “Bat Man”, has been trying to understand why bats live a long life relative to their size and have an uncanny ability to avoid disease. Wang’s most recent study sequenced the entire genome of two distantly related bat species: the flying black fox and David’s Myotis.
Wang found that a bat’s ability to fly is largely related to its immune system. Flying releases toxins in the body from processes in the muscles. Bats have evolved a unique ability to resist the toxins. Their immune system appears to be a lot stronger than humans.
Another study by Harvard University published in the Nature Communication Journal (August 2013) turned up a mutated growth hormone receptor lining on the outside of the Brandt bat’s species. These mouse-sized bats live for 40 years. The ratio of size to lifespan is more than double that of humans.0Need at least 3 ratings